PTRHC_02_qualified..

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Source

Source

Source metadata

Source metadata

**Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: **UNESCO Institute for Statistics**Qualified teacher: **UNESCO Institute for Statistics

Data source(s) used

Data source(s) used

**Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: **Administrative data from schools and other organized learning centres.

Data Characteristics

Data Characteristics

Other data characteristics

Other data characteristics

**Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: **To measure qualified teacher workloads and human resource allocations in educational institutions, and to give a general indication of the average amount of time and individual attention a pupil is likely to receive from qualified teachers.

Since qualified teachers play a key role in ensuring the quality of education provided the pupil/qualified teacher ratio is considered an important determinant of learning outcomes and an indicator of the overall quality of an education system.

Variables collected

Variables collected

**Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: **Number of pupils and qualified teachers at each level of education in a given academic year.

Concepts & Classifications

Concepts & Classifications

Aggregation & consolidation

Aggregation & consolidation

**Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: **By level of education and type of institution (public/private).

Key statistical concept

Key statistical concept

**Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: **SDG Indicator 4.c.4: Average number of pupils per qualified teacher at each level of education (pre-primary, primary, lower and upper secondary education) in a given academic year.

A qualified teacher is one who has at least the minimum academic qualifications required for teaching their subjects at the relevant level in a given country in a given academic year.**Qualified teacher: **Teacher who has the minimum academic qualifications necessary to teach at a specific level of education in a given country. This is usually related to the subject(s) they teach.

Transformations

Transformations

**Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: **The total number of pupils and students in the relevant level in a given academic year expressed as a percentage of the number of qualified teachers in the same level in that academic year.

Other Aspects

Other Aspects

Quality comments

Quality comments

**Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: **The indicator should be based on available data on students and on qualified teachers for the given level of education, from all types of educational institutions in the country (public and private). The UIS sets standards and maintains the global database used to produce this indicator.

Recommended uses and limitations

Recommended uses and limitations

Interpretations**Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: **The higher the pupil/qualified teacher ratio, the lower the relative access of pupils to qualified teachers. Results can be compared with established national norms on the number of pupils per qualified teacher for each level of education.

Limitations**Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: **The ‘ideal’ pupil/qualified teacher ratios may depend on a wide variety of complex factors, including the age and academic needs of the pupils represented in the ratio (younger children or those with special educational needs typically require more time, attention, and instructional support from teachers) or the experience, skill, and effectiveness of the teachers (highly skilled teachers may be able to achieve better academic results with larger classes than less skilled teachers with smaller classes).

In calculating and interpreting this indicator, one should take into account the existence of part-time teaching, school-shifts, multi-grade classes and other practices that may affect the precision and meaningfulness of pupil/teacher ratios. When feasible, the number of part-time teachers should be converted to ‘full-time equivalent’ numbers of teachers; a double-shift teacher should be counted twice, etc. Ideally, all staff involved in direct classroom-teaching roles should be included in the calculations.

Pupil/teacher ratios are not equivalent to the average class size. It is also important to note that national academic qualification requirements can vary from one country to the next. To address this limitation, the UIS has initiated the development of an international classification of teacher training programmes that can be used for comparisons of such programmes across countries.

<B>Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: </B>Administrative data from schools and other organized learning centres.

<B>Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: </B>UNESCO Institute for Statistics<br><br><br><B>Qualified teacher: </B>UNESCO Institute for Statistics<br>

<B>Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: </B>Number of pupils and qualified teachers at each level of education in a given academic year.

<B>Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: </B>To measure qualified teacher workloads and human resource allocations in educational institutions, and to give a general indication of the average amount of time and individual attention a pupil is likely to receive from qualified teachers. <br><br>Since qualified teachers play a key role in ensuring the quality of education provided the pupil/qualified teacher ratio is considered an important determinant of learning outcomes and an indicator of the overall quality of an education system.<br>

<B>Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: </B>SDG Indicator 4.c.4: Average number of pupils per qualified teacher at each level of education (pre-primary, primary, lower and upper secondary education) in a given academic year.<br><br>A qualified teacher is one who has at least the minimum academic qualifications required for teaching their subjects at the relevant level in a given country in a given academic year.<br><br><br><B>Qualified teacher: </B>Teacher who has the minimum academic qualifications necessary to teach at a specific level of education in a given country. This is usually related to the subject(s) they teach.

<B>Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: </B>By level of education and type of institution (public/private).

<B>Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: </B>The total number of pupils and students in the relevant level in a given academic year expressed as a percentage of the number of qualified teachers in the same level in that academic year.

Interpretations<br><br><B>Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: </B>The higher the pupil/qualified teacher ratio, the lower the relative access of pupils to qualified teachers. Results can be compared with established national norms on the number of pupils per qualified teacher for each level of education.<br><br>Limitations<br><br><B>Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: </B>The ‘ideal’ pupil/qualified teacher ratios may depend on a wide variety of complex factors, including the age and academic needs of the pupils represented in the ratio (younger children or those with special educational needs typically require more time, attention, and instructional support from teachers) or the experience, skill, and effectiveness of the teachers (highly skilled teachers may be able to achieve better academic results with larger classes than less skilled teachers with smaller classes).<br><br>In calculating and interpreting this indicator, one should take into account the existence of part-time teaching, school-shifts, multi-grade classes and other practices that may affect the precision and meaningfulness of pupil/teacher ratios. When feasible, the number of part-time teachers should be converted to ‘full-time equivalent’ numbers of teachers; a double-shift teacher should be counted twice, etc. Ideally, all staff involved in direct classroom-teaching roles should be included in the calculations. <br><br>Pupil/teacher ratios are not equivalent to the average class size. It is also important to note that national academic qualification requirements can vary from one country to the next. To address this limitation, the UIS has initiated the development of an international classification of teacher training programmes that can be used for comparisons of such programmes across countries.

<B>Pupil-qualified teacher ratio by level of education: </B>The indicator should be based on available data on students and on qualified teachers for the given level of education, from all types of educational institutions in the country (public and private). The UIS sets standards and maintains the global database used to produce this indicator.